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From Waste Cotton Linter: A Renewable Environment-Friendly Biomass Based Carbon Fibers Preparation
Zhou, X (Zhou, Xin); Wang, PL (Wang, Penglei); Zhang, YG (Zhang, Yagang); Zhang, XM (Zhang, Xuemin); Jiang, YF (Jiang, Yingfang)
2016
Source PublicationACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY & ENGINEERING
ISSN2168-0485
Volume4Issue:10Pages:5585-5593
Abstract

As a high performance fiber material, carbon fibers are practically important in various applications. Traditional methods for the preparation of carbon fibers are based on fossil fuels using poly(acrylonitrile) and mesophase pitch as starting materials. The preparation of carbon fibers based on renewable low cost biomass is an alternative and sustainable approach in green chemistry. Herein, an environmentally friendly low cost approach is established to prepare carbon fibers from waste cotton linter though the CarbaCell method using a wet-spinning technology and carbonization process. Crude cellulose carbamate (CC) fibers and one treated with dibasic ammonium phosphate (DAP) were investigated by TGA and DTG. The prepared carbon fibers were characterized with SEM, IR, and contact angle measurements. Thermal behavior analysis indicated that the carbon yield increased by 133% with the use of DAP as impregnant. The SEM images showed these carbon fibers had a relatively smooth surface and approximately round compact morphology in cross-section. Without hot-stretching and post-thermal treatments steps, the as-prepared carbon fibers carbonizing at 900 degrees C reach tensile strength around 0.72 GPa with the carbon yield up to 36.4%. This process provide a green approach for the preparation of carbon fibers based on a renewable resource.

KeywordRenewable Carbon Fiber Cotton Linter Cc Cc Fiber Thermal Properties Tensile Strength
DOI10.1021/acssuschemeng.6b01408
Indexed BySCI
WOS IDWOS:000384791500051
Citation statistics
Cited Times:17[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.xjipc.cas.cn/handle/365002/4633
Collection资源化学研究室
Corresponding AuthorZhang, YG (Zhang, Yagang)
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Xinjiang Tech Inst Phys & Chem, Ctr Green Chem, Urumqi 830011, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Xinjiang Tech Inst Phys & Chem, Organ Funct Mat Lab, Urumqi 830011, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
4.Xinjiang Inst Engn, Dept Chem & Environm Engn, Urumqi 830023, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhou, X ,Wang, PL ,Zhang, YG ,et al. From Waste Cotton Linter: A Renewable Environment-Friendly Biomass Based Carbon Fibers Preparation[J]. ACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY & ENGINEERING,2016,4(10):5585-5593.
APA Zhou, X ,Wang, PL ,Zhang, YG ,Zhang, XM ,&Jiang, YF .(2016).From Waste Cotton Linter: A Renewable Environment-Friendly Biomass Based Carbon Fibers Preparation.ACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY & ENGINEERING,4(10),5585-5593.
MLA Zhou, X ,et al."From Waste Cotton Linter: A Renewable Environment-Friendly Biomass Based Carbon Fibers Preparation".ACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY & ENGINEERING 4.10(2016):5585-5593.
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