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Equilibrium isotherm and mechanism studies of Pb(II) and Cd(II) ions onto hydrogel composite based on vermiculite
Wang Xiaohuan; Wang Aiqin
2012
发表期刊DESALINATION AND WATER TREATMENT
ISSN1944-3994
卷号48期号:1-3页码:38-49
摘要In the present work, the abilities of chitosan-g-poly(acrylic acid)/vermiculite (CTS-g-PAA/VMT) hydrogel composites to remove Pb(II) and Cd(II) ions from aqueous solutions were compared. Batch adsorption studies were carried out to examine the influence of various parameters such as the VMT content, the initial pH value, the contact time, the initial metal ion concentration on adsorption capacities. Adsorption of Pb(II) and Cd(II) ions on the composite showed a pH-dependent profile. The maximum adsorption capacity for both metal ions was found to lie between 5.5 and 6.00. The adsorption processes were all relatively fast. Over 90% of the total adsorption was reached in around 3 min for both Pb(II) and Cd(II) adsorption at 303 K, and the equilibrium was reached after about 15 min of contact time. The adsorption data for the composite fitted well not only the Langmuir model but also the Freundlich model. The maximum Pb(II) adsorption capacity (3.0774 mol/g) of the composite is only a little more than that of Cd(II) (2.9817 mmol/g) at 303 K, however, the desorption efficiency of Pb(II) loaded sample (63.27%) is much lower than that of Cd(II) loaded sample (86.26%) when 0.1 mol/L HNO3 solution was used as the elutent. The adsorption of Pb(II) and Cd(II) ions by the composite seemed to involve ion exchange, chelation, electrostatic attraction or adsorption. -NH2, -COOH and -OH groups are all involved in the adsorption processes. Moreover, there are only few of -NH2 groups participating in the reaction with Pb(II) ions.
关键词Chitosan Vermiculite Hydrogel Composite Pb(Ii) Cd(Ii) Adsorption Mechanism
学科领域Engineering ; Water Resources
DOI10.1080/19443994.2012.698793
收录类别SCI
WOS记录号WOS:000311371500005
引用统计
被引频次:11[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.xjipc.cas.cn/handle/365002/2771
专题环境科学与技术研究室
作者单位Chinese Acad Sci, Lanzhou Inst Chem Phys, Ctr Ecomat & Green Chem, Lanzhou 730000, Peoples R China;Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Univ, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China;Chinese Acad Sci, Xinjiang Tech Inst Phys & Chem, Lab Ecomat & Sustainable Technol, Xinjiang 830011, Peoples R China
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Wang Xiaohuan,Wang Aiqin. Equilibrium isotherm and mechanism studies of Pb(II) and Cd(II) ions onto hydrogel composite based on vermiculite[J]. DESALINATION AND WATER TREATMENT,2012,48(1-3):38-49.
APA Wang Xiaohuan,&Wang Aiqin.(2012).Equilibrium isotherm and mechanism studies of Pb(II) and Cd(II) ions onto hydrogel composite based on vermiculite.DESALINATION AND WATER TREATMENT,48(1-3),38-49.
MLA Wang Xiaohuan,et al."Equilibrium isotherm and mechanism studies of Pb(II) and Cd(II) ions onto hydrogel composite based on vermiculite".DESALINATION AND WATER TREATMENT 48.1-3(2012):38-49.
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