The chemical compositions of essential oils extracted by n-hexane extract (HE), petroleum ether extract (PE), dichloromethane extract (DE), and hydrodistillation (HD) from Carthamus tinctorius L. (safflower) were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). A total of 86 compounds from four different extracts were identified, and the contents were 97.65%, 98.05%, 98.93%, and 99.68%, respectively. 6,10,14-Trimethyl-2-pentadecanone, hexadecanoic acid, methyl ester, hexadecanoic acid, 8,11-octadecadienoic acid, methyl ester, and 9,12,15-octadecatrien-1-ol were the major constituents of the extracts. The antidiabete activity was assayed in vitro by against protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B). The results showed that the HE exhibited the best in vitro inhibitory enzyme activity against PTP1B, which holds a good potential for treating diabetes and obesity.
Chinese Acad Sci, Xinjiang Tech Inst Phys & Chem, Key Lab Xinjiang Indigenous Med Plants Resource U, Urumqi 830011, Peoples R China;Xinjiang Med Univ, Sch Pharm, Urumqi 830054, Peoples R China
Li L.,Wang Q.,Yang Y.,et al. chemical components and antidiabetic activity of essential oils obtained by hydrodistillation and three solvent extraction methods from carthamus tinctorius l.[J]. ACTA CHROMATOGRAPHICA,2012,24(4):653-665.