A series of aminoalkyl rupestonates were designed and synthesized by reacting rupestonic acid with 1,omega-dibromoalkanes, followed by amination. All of the new compounds were bioassayed in vitro to determine their activities against influenza A (H3N2, H1N1) and B viruses. The results showed that compounds 5a-5g, which each contain a 1H-1,2,4-triazolyl moiety, were found to be the most potent set of compounds. Compound 5g was demonstrated to possess the highest inhibitory activity against influenza H3N2 and H1N1, with IC50 values of 0.97 and 0.42 mu M, respectively. Our results also indicated that compounds 2g, 3g, 4g and 5g, which contain ten-CH2-unit spacers between the rupestonic acid and amino functional groups, were the most potent inhibitors of influenza H1N1 among the synthesized compounds. Unfortunately, most of the synthesized compounds did not show an obvious activity against influenza B; the only exceptions were compounds 5d and 5f, which had IC50 values of 17.3 and 3.2 mu M, respectively. Compounds 4g and 5g were potent inhibitors of influenza H1N1, and they might be potentially developed as new lead anti-influenza virus compounds. Further studies of the mechanism of action are underway.