题名: Bioassay-guided isolation of antioxidants from Astragalus altaicus by combination of chromatographic techniques
作者: Yang Chunyan; Yang Yi; Aisa Haji Akber; Xin Xuelei; Ma Hairong; Yili Abulimiti; Zhao Yongxin
; Astragalus altaicus Bunge
; Bioassay-guided isolation
; Combination of chromatographic techniques
; High-speed counter-current chromatography
刊名: Journal of Separation Science
卷: 35, 8, 977-983
英文摘要: An efficient method for bioassay-guided preparative isolation of antioxidants from the n-butanol extract of Astragalus altaicus Bunge was ingeniously developed by combination of silica gel column chromatography and high-speed counter-current chromatography. Under the bioassay-guidance of antioxidant activities, the antioxidants were gradually separated from the crude sample of Astragalus altaicus Bunge by silica gel column chromatography and high-speed counter-current chromatography. Silica gel column chromatography separation was performed with chloroform, chloroform-methanol (100:1∼5:1, v/v) and chloroform-methanol-water (5:1:0.1∼2:1:0.1, v/v/v). High-speed counter-current chromatography separation was performed with a two-phase solvent system composed of ethyl acetate-n-butanol-water (2:1:6, v/v/v), which was successfully selected by thin layer chromatography analysis, at a flow rate of 1.5 mL/min. As a result, isorhamnetin-3-gentiobioside (20.8 mg), rutin (82.0 mg), and narcissin (12.8 mg) were obtained for the first time from 200 mg of the crude sample, ABS-5 of Astragalus altaicus Bunge. The purities were all at over 95% by high-performance liquid chromatography analysis, and their structures were unambiguously identified by mass spectroscopy, 1H, and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Antioxidant activities of the three compounds were also assayed by in vitro ABTS [2,2'-azino-bis-(3- ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) diamonium salt] radical cation scavenging activity. Among them, rutin possessed the highest antioxidant capacity with SC50 value of 22.15 μg/mL. © 2012 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
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作者单位: Chinese Acad Sci, Xinjiang Tech Inst Phys & Chem, Key Lab Xinjiang Indigenous Med Plants Resource U, Urumqi 830011, Peoples R China;China Three Gorges Univ, Coll Med, Yichang, Peoples R China
Yang Chunyan,Yang Yi,Aisa Haji Akber,et al. Bioassay-guided isolation of antioxidants from Astragalus altaicus by combination of chromatographic techniques[J]. Journal of Separation Science,2012,35(8):977-983.