The composite ceramics (NiMn2O4) 0.50(La1-x CaxMnO3)0.50 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.3) consisting of spinel-structured NiMn2O 4 and perovskite-structured CaO-doped LaMnO3 were prepared by classical solid state reaction. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns have shown that the major phases presented in the sintered samples are NiMn 2O4 compounds with a spinel structure, La 1-xCa2MnO3 with a perovskite structure. The Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) pictures have exhibited that the grain size of the composite ceramics decreases from ca. 6.5 to 2.0 μm as the mole fraction of CaO increases from 0 to 0.3. The ρ25 °C and B 25/50 constants of the composite samples are in the range of 0.234-8.61 ω cm and 2,600-2,962 K, respectively. In particular, CaO-doped leads to a decrease in the resistance drift of the (NiMn2O 4)0.50(La1-xCaxMnO3) 0.50 composite NTC (negative temperature coefficient) ceramics after aging test. This indicates that the CaO-doped (NiMn2O 4)0.50 (La1-xCaxMnO 3)0.50 NTC ceramics display high electrical stability in comparison with the Ca-free (NiMn2O4)0.50 (LaMnO3)0.50 ceramics. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis verifies that the valence states of the manganese ions have a highly mixed state of Mn2+, Mn3+ and Mn 4+ at B site. And the electrical conduction of the composite ceramics can be elaborated by the ions migration mechanism.
Chinese Acad Sci, Xinjiang Tech Inst Phys & Chem, Xinjiang Key Lab Elect Informat Mat & Devices, Urumqi 830011, Peoples R China;Chinese Acad Sci, Grad Sch, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Guan Fang,Zhang Huimin,Chang Aimin,et al. Effect of CaO-doped in NiMn2O4-LaMnO3 composite ceramics on microstructure and electrical properties[J]. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE-MATERIALS IN ELECTRONICS,2012,23(9):1728-1733.